Fossil CO2 emissions of all world countries, 2020 report
The global GHG emissions trend has increased since the beginning of the 21st century in comparison to the three previous decades, mainly due to the increase in CO2 emissions from China and the other emerging economies. As a result, the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases substantially increased enhancing the natural greenhouse effect, which may negatively affect the life on the Earth. These issues are internationally addressed in the framework of UNFCCC; countries are developing national emissions inventories and propose/implement actions to mitigate GHG emissions. CO2 emissions, which are the main responsible for global warming are still increasing at world level despite climate change mitigation agreements.
EDGAR provides an independent estimate of greenhouse gases for each world country, based on a robust and consistent methodology stemming from the latest IPCC guidelines and most recent activity data. Following the latest update released in September 2020, emission data are now available for fossil CO2 for each country for the time period 1970-2019 while national emissions for other GHGs are available for 1970-2015.
In this study, fossil CO2 emissions include emissions from fossil fuel combustion (coal, oil and gas), from fossil fuel use (combustion, flaring), industrial processes (cement, steel, chemicals and urea) and product use; no short-cycle carbon CO2 emissions are included for any sector.